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Cosmology: Oceanic

Cosmologies Encyclopedia of Religion Since over a quarter of the world’s discrete religions are found in Oceania or on the islands of the Pacific Ocean, generalizations about their worldviews do not come easily. Because the languages of Polynesia, and virtually all Micronesia, belong to the Austronesian (formerly Malayo-Polynesian) phylum, it is easier to detect a certain […]

Melanesian socialism

The concept of Melanesian socialism was first advocated by Father Walter Lini of the New Hebrides (now Vanuatu), who became the country’s first prime minister upon its independence from France and the United Kingdom in 1980. Lini’s views on socialism were inspired by Julius Nyerere’s experiments in African socialism in Tanzania. Lini believed that socialism was inherently compatible with Melanesian societies and customs, including the emphasis on communal welfare over individualism, and the communal ownership and working of […]